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Wartime periods for VA Pension benefits

VA Pension benefits, which includes VA Aid & Attendance, requires 90 days of active duty and at least one of those days must have been during a wartime period. Under current law, VA recognizes the following wartime periods to determine eligibility for VA Pension benefits:
Mexican Border Period (May 9, 1916 – April 5, 1917 for Veterans who served in Mexico, on its borders, or adjacent waters)
World War I (April 6, 1917 – November 11, 1918)
World War II (December 7, 1941 – December 31, 1946)
Korean conflict (June 27, 1950 – January 31, 1955)
Vietnam era (February 28, 1961 – May 7, 1975 for Veterans who served in the Republic of Vietnam during that period; otherwise August 5, 1964 – May 7, 1975)
Gulf War (August 2, 1990 – through a future date to be set by law or Presidential Proclamation) 

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VA Aid & Attendance

VA Aid and Attendance is a means-tested benefit available for veteran's with a non-service connected disability. It is frequently used by aging veterans to pay for long-term care. The benefit is available veterans who served 90 or more days of active duty with at least one day of service during a wartime period, and who have an other than dishonorable discharge.

The 2016 benefit rate is $1,788 for a single veteran, $2,120 for a veteran with a spouse, and $1,149 for a surviving spouse. These rate will increase by 0.3% for 2017 due to a Cost-of-Living Adjustment. These are maximum A&A benefit rates. To receive the maximum rate, you must need the aid of another person to perform personal functions in everyday living, such as bathing, feeding, dressing, toileting, adjusting prosthetic devices, or protecting yourself from the hazards of everydasy environment, or you must be bedridden, or you must be in a nursing home for a mental or physical condition, or you must be nearly blind. You must also have Income for VA Purposes (IVAP) that is below the benefit rate.

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